• Believe = Agreement with / Convinced of
  • Destiny = The end of the path we are walking
  • Elect = God's chosen vessel
    The person, nation / tool, the means God selects
    to carry out His will
  • Faith = Confident In
    Fear is faith in the wrong thing, which is why faith
    and fear cannot coexist.   You can only have faith
    in one thing at a time.
  • Foreknowledge = God's declared outcome
  • Gentleness = Acting harmlessly
  • Glorified = Exalted honor
  • Grace = Undeserved. unearned favor
    God revealing Himself to us
  • Holy = Fit for God's use
  • Hope = Expected outcome
    What I believe about tomorrow that determines
    my actions today...
  • Humility = Controlled power
    Not thinking less of yourself but thinking about
    yourself less and God more
  • Joy = Bringing God pleasure
  • Justice = Receiving what is due
  • Justified = Debt paid in full / Nothing more owed
  • Kindness = Merciful graciousness
  • Long Suffering = Persistent performance
    Standing firm, finishing the race unmoved
  • Love = Mercy + Grace
    Sacrificing Self / Selfless actions
    Seeking the best for another at my own expense.   
  • Lust = Me First / Desire / Selfish actions
    Seeking my own interests at the expense of others.
  • Meekness = Submitting to higher authority
  • Mercy = Pardon granted / Justice deferred
  • Obedience = Opportunity taken
  • Patience = Unwavering consistency
  • Peace = Fearless contentment
  • Perfect = Complete / Whole / Nothing missing
  • Persistence = Enduring to the end
  • Praise = Extolling God's deeds / character to others
  • Predestination = God’s established outcome
  • Priority = The thing that I talk/think about most
  • Promise = Guaranteed result / Prophecy
  • Prophecy = History future / Promise given
  • Rest = Giving God control
  • Righteous = Without blame / Been Accepted
  • Sanctified = Separated for / Dedicated to a purpose
  • Self Control = Measured response
  • Selfishness = Personal pride / Me first
  • Sin = Missed Mark / Falling short / Unattained Potential
  • Success = Assignment completed
  • Temperance = Deferring gratification
  • Treasure = What I won't surrender or give up
  • Trust = Dependence upon / Committed to
    Belief based action
  • Truth = Always so / Something unchangeable
  • Wish = Desired Outcome
    (vs Hope = Expected Outcome)
  • Worship = Extolling / Recounting God's character
    & deeds to God Himself
  • -8    The Census Decree of CAESAR AUGUSTUS.
  • -6    The Annunciation to MARY in Nazareth.  
    JOHN THE BAPTIST was born about September
    Judea became a sub-province of Syria.  
  • -5    Our LORD, JESUS the CHRIST was born in
    Bethlehem about April.
  • -4    Wise Men from the East sought the child JESUS.
    HEROD THE GREAT killed the children of
    Bethlehem and executed his son ANTIPATER a
    few days before he died in March at Jericho.   
    He was succeeded by HEROD ANTIPAS in
    HEROD ARCHAELAUS ruled Judea.  
    HEROD PHILIP ruled Iturea.
  • 8     JESUS, age 12, was at the Temple in Jerusalem.
  • 10   SAUL (PAUL the Apostle) was born in Tarsus.
  • 17   Major earthquake in Asia Minor.
  • 25   JOHN THE BAPTIST began his ministry.  
    JESUS was baptized in the Jordan River by JOHN.
  • 26   JESUS began His Galilean ministry.  
    HEROD'S Temple in Jerusalem was completed.  
    PONTIUS PILATE was appointed procurator of
  • 27   JESUS began His Judean ministry.  
    JOHN THE BAPTIST was beheaded by HEROD.
  • 29   JESUS was crucified, buried and resurrected in
    April (Passover).
    Jesus ascended in May, 40 days later .  
    In June, 10 days following Jesus ascension,
    the Holy Spirit came upon and into Jesus
    followers (Pentecost)
    JUDAS ISCARIOT, who had betrayed JESUS for
    30 pieces of silver, hanged himself and falling
    headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all
    his bowels gushed out.  
    PHILIP traveled to Scythia in southern Russia
    where he ministered for 20 years.
  • 33   The Church at Jerusalem held a leading position in
    the Christian community.
    SIMON PETER went to Antioch, established a
    church and stayed there for 7 years.
  • 36   STEPHEN was stoned to death, becoming the first
    Christian martyr.  
    SAUL (PAUL the Apostle) was converted on the
    road to Damascus.
  • 37   PAUL was at Damascus.  FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS
    was born.
    MATTHEW wrote his gospel.  Some date this
    later around 50AD (We favor this early date.)
  • 38   PAUL fled from Damascus, went to Jerusalem, then
    to Tarsus.
  • 44   PAUL was at Antioch. The disciples of Christ were
    first called "Christians" at Antioch.  
    SIMON PETER went to Caesarea from Joppa and
    CORNELIUS was converted.  
    JAMES, son of ZEBEDEE, was beheaded by
    HEROD AGRIPPA I died, eaten of worms, at age
  • 45   PAUL, BARNABAS and JOHN MARK visited
    Jerusalem from Antioch.  
    JAMES wrote his epistle.   MATTHEW went to
  • 46   PAUL was at Antioch.
  • 48   PAUL and BARNABAS began their first
    missionary journey.
  • 49   THOMAS, JUDE and BARTHOLOMEW went to
    India where they ministered in Nisibis, Malebar,
    Socotora, Camboia and Mogar.   They even went to
    Cataio, Bisnaga and China.
  • 50   PAUL and BARNABAS attended the Council at
  • 51   PAUL and SILAS began a second missionary
    PAUL met the Gentile physician, LUKE at Troas.  
    BARNABAS and JOHN MARK ministered in Syria
    and Cilicia.
  • 52   PAUL wrote "First Thessalonians" from
    THOMAS was killed in Cranganore, India by
    Brahmin priests who knocked him to the ground
    and stuck him through with a lance.  
    GAMALIEL the Pharisee died.  
    CLAUDIUS expelled the Jews from Rome.
  • 53   PAUL wrote "Second Thessalonians" from
  • 54   PAUL and SILAS began a third missionary
    PHILIP, age 87, having ministered in France, was
    pierced through the thighs and hung upside down
    on a cross until he died at Heliopolis in Phrygia..
  • 55   PAUL was at Ephesus.  (The revolt of the Egyptian,
    Acts 21:38)
  • 56   PAUL ministered at Ephesus.
  • 57   PAUL wrote "First Corinthians" from Ephesus,
    "Second Corinthians" from Macedonia, and
    "Galatians" from Corinth.
  • 58   PAUL wrote "Romans" from Corinth.
    PAUL was arrested at Jerusalem and sent to
  • 59   PAUL was tried before ANTONIUS FELIX at
SAY WHAT ??!!??
Note:  This page refreshes automatically
every 15 minutes.
Today is:
Sunday Morning Bible Study
The fine print:

Notes and files presented here
are provided solely for personal
use and for use in serious small
group Bible Study settings.

Some of the notes presented
here are based on or excerpted
from copyrighted commentaries
& notes  by others.

The positions and info presented
represents the current scripturally
based views and understanding
of the study leader - who remains
a work in progress.   

These views may or may not
represent or align with the stated
formal positions of  Bethel
Church of the Nazarene or
Nazarene churches as a

(Although, if they don't, I think
they should or I wouldn't have
presented them ....)
This ABS website is NOT a public blog / website.
Nor is it influenced or controlled by Bethel Nazarene Church or The Church of the Nazarene.
The notes and information linked here are provided in conjunction with the Adult Bible Study
meeting at Bethel Nazarene Church in Macomb Township, Michigan.

At my sole discretion, I will post or refuse to post information to this page.

Announcements, Events, and Opinions shown or expressed are personal expressions and are intended to endorse, encourage, and
express, personal religious  positions, teaching, activities, doctrine, or practices and/or opinions that I believe are Biblically acceptable.

While not intended to disparage any particular political, social, or other viewpoint, action, or movement, what is posted may do so if
they are in conflict with what I believe are correct Biblically based religious practices, positions and directives and/or the free unhindered
practice of religion.

Adult Bible Study Webhost

U.S Constitution and Amendment 1, 4, 5, 9 14
next meetings:    Sunday,  Jan 21  9:45-10:45 AM    The letter to the Hebrews
-BC / AD    (Some dates are not agreed upon by all commentators)
  • 60   PAUL was tried before FESTUS in Caesarea.  
    PAUL, sent as a prisoner to Rome, was shipwrecked
    on Malta.  
    LUKE wrote his gospel.  
    After having ministered in Persia, Egypt and Ethiopia,
    MATTHEW was slain in Egypt.  
    SIMON ZELOTES returned to Britain after having
    ministered through Egypt, Cyrene, North Africa,
    Carthage, Martonia, Lybia and Spain
  • 60-61    PAUL arrived at Rome.  LUKE wrote "Acts".
  • ~60-62   PAUL, at Rome, wrote "Philemon",
    "Colossians", "Ephesians" and "Philippians"
    It was during this period that a major earthquake
    destroyed Colossai and the surrounding
    cities in the area again.
  • 62    ANANUS was made High Priest and had JAMES,
    brother of Jesus, cast from a pinnacle of the Temple,
    showered with stones and finally his skull smashed
    and his brains beaten out with a fuller's club. He was
    buried on the Mount of Olives.
  • 63   PAUL was released from prison at Rome and went
    to Macedonia and Asia Minor,
    Paul wrote "First Timothy" from Macedonia and
    "Titus" from Ephesus.
  • 64   PAUL visited Spain.  
    PETER wrote "First Peter" from 'Babylon'.  
    After having ministered with ANDREW in Armenia,
    MATTHIAS, the apostle who took JUDAS'
    place, returned to Jerusalem where he was stoned
    and beheaded.  
    A great fire burned Rome on July 19th.  
    NERO persecuted the Christians.
  • 65   PAUL was in Spain and Britain.  JOHN MARK wrote
    his gospel.
  • 66   PAUL traveled from Spain to Asia Minor.  
    Masada on the Dead Sea was captured by the Jews.  
    VESPASIAN and his son TITUS led the Roman
    armies in Judea.
    JOHN MARK went to Venice and to Alexandria,
    Egypt, where he founded a church.
  • 68   HEBREWS written, probably by PAUL.  
    PAUL imprisoned in Rome wrote "2nd Timothy"
    shortly before he was beheaded in May by NERO.  
    JOHN MARK was dragged to death through the
    streets of Alexandria, Egypt on Easter.  
    LAZARUS of Bethany ministered in Citium in Cyprus
    for 30 years, then traveled to Marseilles in Gaul
    where he spent 7 more years and also visited Britain.
    He retired to Cyprus where he died (again).  
    BARTHOLOMEW, after having ministered in India
    with THOMAS and JUDE and with PHILIP at
    Hierapolis, died after being beaten with clubs, flayed
    alive and crucified in Armenia by the priests of
    Albanus, led by ASTYAGES, the king's brother.  
    JUDE wrote his epistle.  
    VESPASIAN attacked Jerusalem.  
    JOSEPHUS wrote his "History of the Jewish War."
  • 69   POLYCARP was born.  
    After having ministered in the foothills of the
    Caucasis mountains, to the Scythians in South
    Russia around the Black Sea, establishing churches
    in Scythia, Byzantium, Greece, Thrace, Macedonia a-
    nd Patros, ANDREW was crucified at Achaia on a
    cross in the form of an "X", hanging there for three
    days before he died on the last day of November.  
    LUKE, who had been ministering with ANDREW, was
    killed at Patros, Greece by being hanged on an olive
    tree by the idolatrous priests.
  • 70   VESPASIAN arrived at Rome.  
    TITUS, his son, with 80,000 men, captured and
    destroyed Jerusalem in August. 700 Jewish prisoners
    were taken to Rome.
  • 72   After ministering in Syria, Edessa and northern Persia,
    JUDE (THADDAEUS) was killed with a halberd at Edessa
    and was buried at Kara Kelesia.  
    SIMON ZELOTES was sawn asunder in Persia.
  • 73   BARNABAS was killed by the Jews in Salamis on
  • 74   MASADA fell to the Romans on April 15th.
  • 76   JOSEPH of Ariamathea died in Britain and was buried
    at Glastonbury..
  • 79   Mt. Vesuvius erupted, destroying Pompeii and
  • 80   Rome was burned again.
  • 94   Roman persecution of Jewish and Christians.  
    Josephus' "Antiquities" was published.
  • 95   JOHN was banished from Ephesus to Patmos by
    DOMITIAN where he wrote "Revelation".  
    During his banishment, TIMOTHY ministered at
  • 96   JOHN was released from exile on Patmos by
    NERVA and returned to Ephesus.  
  • 96-97 ??  JOHN wrote his Gospel.
           JOHN wrote I John, II John and III John.  
  • 97   TIMOTHY reproved the pagans of Ephesus for their
    idolatry. They fell upon him with clubs and beat him.
    He died 2 days later from the beating.  
    JOHN the Apostle died at Ephesus on September
Hebrews 1:1- 3   Greater Than the Prophets

Hebrews 1:4 - 2   Greater Than the Angels.
1:4-5  His Superior Name of Son
1:6  The Angels Commanded to Worship
1:7-14  The Nature of Angels vs the Nature of the Son
2:1-4  The Great Danger in Ignoring the Son
2:5-9  Jesus' Glory As Risen and Enthroned Man
2:10-18  The Essential Suffering
2:10-13  Jesus' Work As Author of Salvation
2:14-18  Jesus' Unique Ability to Help

Hebrews 3   Greater Than Moses.
3:1-6  What Is God's House?
3:7-11  When Israel Failed to Enter Rest
3:12-19  Don't Miss Your Opportunity

Hebrews 3:11 - Chp 4
The Lord’s Rest / Greater Than Joshua
4:1-2  A Promise Requires a Response
4:3-7  The Time for Response Is Today
4:8-11  The Rest Obtained Is New-Creation Rest
4:12-13  God's Word Will Reveal the Problem

Hebrews 5   Priesthood of Melchisedec.
4:14 - 5:14  Greater Than Aaron
4:14-16  The Priest Who Can Truly Help
5:1-4  The Qualifications of a Priest
5:5-10  The Credentials of Jesus
5:11-14  The Spiritual State of the Readers

Hebrews 6    Eternal Salvation Question.
Call to Maturity.
6:1-20  Repentance Can Be Impossible!
6:1-3  Leave These Elementary Teachings
6:4-8  The Danger of Knowledge Without Faith
6:9-12  Good Works Prove Faith Is Real
6:13-15  The Promise and Oath of God
6:16-20  The Anchor of the Soul

Hebrews 7   Jesus fulfills Levitical Priesthood.
7:1-28  Our Melchizedek
7:1-3  Who Was Melchizedek?
7:4-10  The Melchizedek Priesthood
Superior to the Levitical
7:11-19  The Aaronic Priesthood and Law Replaced
7:20-28  The Guarantee of a New Covenant

Hebrews 8   Jesus as the Perfect Priest.
8:1-13  The New Covenant
8:1-6  The Royal High Priest
8:7-13  The Better Covenant

Hebrews 9:1-28  The True Tabernacle
9:1 - 3   The Tabernacle. The Fence. The Structure.
9:4 - 6   The Second Veil. The Ark of the Covenant.
9:7 - 11  Christ, the ultimate High Priest.
9:1-5  The Furniture of the Tabernacle Described
9:6-10  The Meaning of the Ritual
9:11-14  The Application to Christians
9:15-28  Jesus' Last Will and Testament

Hebrews 9:12 - 10:18   The Details. The Camp.
Hebrews 10:19 - 11:3  “Let us.” The Only Way.  
          The Substance
10:1-39  Let Us Go On!
10:1-10  A Willing Sacrifice
10:11-18  A Complete Sacrifice
10:19-25  The Privileges of Faith
10:26-31  A Fourth Warning Against Apostasy
10:32-39  Encouragement to Persevere

Hebrews 11:4 - 22  By Faith Abel, Enoch, Noah,
   Isaac, Joseph...
11:1-40  Faith Made Visible
11:1-3  The Nature of Faith
11:4-7  The Qualities of Faith
11:8-38  The Activities of Faith
The Faith of Abraham and Sarah (11:8-19)
The Faith of Isaac, Jacob and Joseph (11:20-22)
The Faith of Moses and the Israelites (11:23-29)
Faith Exhibited at Jericho (11:30-31)
A Summary of the Faithful (11:32-38)
11:39-40  Something Better for Us

Hebrews 11:23 - Chp 12  By Faith Moses.
             Law versus Grace.
12:1-29  Faith Trained and Tested
12:1-3  The Race of Life
12:4-13  How God Trains Us
12:14-17  The Dangers to Watch For
12:18-24  The Blessings Now Possible
12:25-29  The Fifth and Final Warning

Hebrews 13  Exhortations. Christian Hospitality.
13:1-25.  Faith At Work
13:1-6  Keep Love and Purity Central
13:7-19  Life in the Church
13:20-21  A Gathered-Together Prayer
13:22-25  Closing Words
The Letter to the Hebrews        THEREFORE…

Hebrews 1  ESV
    (1)  Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers
    by the prophets,  (2)  but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son,
    whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the

Hebrews 2  ESV
    (1)  Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard,
    lest we drift away from it.
    (14)  Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself
    likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy
    the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,  (15)  and deliver all
    those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery.
    (17)  Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so
    that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of
    God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

Hebrews 3  ESV
    (1)  Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling,
    consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession,  (2)  who
    was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all
    God's house.
    (7)  Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, "Today, if you hear his voice, (8) do
    not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the
    wilderness,  (9)  where your fathers put me to the test and saw my works
    for forty years.
    (10) Therefore I was provoked with that generation, and said, 'They always
    go astray in their heart; they have not known my ways.'

Hebrews 4  ESV
    (1)  Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear
    lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it.
    (6)  Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly
    received the good news failed to enter because of disobedience, (7) again
    he appoints a certain day, "Today,"  saying through David so long afterward,
    in the words already quoted, "Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden
    your hearts."
    (11)  Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by
    the same sort of disobedience.

Hebrews 6  ESV
    (1)  Therefore let us leave the elementary doctrine of Christ and go on to
    maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and
    of faith toward God,  (2)  and of instruction about washings, the laying on
    of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment.

Hebrews 9  ESV
    (15)  Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who
    are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death
    has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under
    the first covenant.
    (18)  Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood.

Hebrews 10  ESV
    (19)  Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the holy
    places by the blood of Jesus,  (20)  by the new and living way that he
    opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh,
    (21)  and since we have a great priest over the house of God, (22) let us
    draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with  our hearts
    sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure
    (35)  Therefore do not throw away your confidence, which has a great

Hebrews 11  ESV
    (12)  Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born
    descendants as many as the stars of heaven and as many as the
    innumerable grains of sand by the seashore.
    (16)  But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one.  
    Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared
    for them a city.

Hebrews 12  ESV
    (1)  Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses,
    let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and
    let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, (2) looking to
    Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set
    before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the
    right hand of the throne of God.
    (12)  Therefore lift your drooping hands and strengthen your weak knees,  
    (13)  and make straight paths for your feet, so that what is lame may not
    be put out of joint but rather be healed.
    (28)  Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be
    shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence
    and awe, (29) for our God is a consuming fire.

Hebrews 13  ESV
    (13)  Therefore let us go to him outside the camp and bear the reproach
    he endured.  (14)  For here we have no lasting city, but we seek the city
    that is to come.
Jesus the Great High Priest

Hebrews 5:12-14 ESV

Warning Against Apostasy

    (12)  For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you
    again the basic principles of the oracles of God. You need milk, not solid food,  (13)  for
    everyone who lives on milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, since he is a child.
    (14)  But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment
    trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.

Hebrews 6:1-20 ESV

    (1)  Therefore let us leave the elementary doctrine of Christ and go on to maturity, not laying
    again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God,  (2)  and of
    instruction about washings, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal
    (3)  And this we will do if God permits.

    (4)  For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, who have
    tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit, (5)  and have tasted the goodness
    of the word of God and the powers of the age to come, (6)  and then have fallen away, to
    restore them again to repentance, since they are crucifying once again the Son of God to their
    own harm and holding him up to contempt.

    (7)  For land that has drunk the rain that often falls on it, and produces a crop useful to those
    for whose sake it is cultivated, receives a blessing from God.
    (8)  But if it bears thorns and thistles, it is worthless and near to being cursed, and its end is to
    be burned.
    (9)  Though we speak in this way, yet in your case, beloved, we feel sure of better things—
    things that belong to salvation.
    (10)  For God is not unjust so as to overlook your work and the love that you have shown for
    his name in serving the saints, as you still do.
    (11)  And we desire each one of you to show the same earnestness to have the full assurance
    of hope until the end,  (12)  so that you may not be sluggish, but imitators of those who
    through faith and patience inherit the promises.

The Certainty of God's Promise

    (13)  For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater by whom to
    swear, he swore by himself,  (14)  saying, "Surely I will bless you and multiply you."
    (15)  And thus Abraham, having patiently waited, obtained the promise.
    (16)  For people swear by something greater than themselves, and in all their disputes an oath
    is final for confirmation.
    (17)  So when God desired to show more convincingly to the heirs of the promise the
    unchangeable character of his purpose, he guaranteed it with an oath,  (18)  so that by two
    unchangeable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled for refuge
    might have strong encouragement to hold fast to the hope set before us.
    (19)  We have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters into the inner
    place behind the curtain,  (20)  where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having
    become a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.