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Sunday, Sept 22   Psalm 6 >>  9:45-10:45 AM

The Psalms: Introduction
Psalms 01-05
Psalms 06-15
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Chronology of the Life of David

Age     Event      Reference

1        Birth - 10th year of Saul's reign - circa 1041 BC.
       Saul reigned 40 years,
       David became King at 30.
       His father Jesse was over 100.    
1 Sam 17:12,
       Genealogy     Matthew 1

2-14   Youth       No reference

15      Encounter with lion and bear while sheepherding.    1 Sam 17:34-37

16      Anointed by Samuel, became Saul's musician and one of his armor bearers.    1 Sam 16:10-13, 21

17      Killed Goliath - gains fame and rank     1 Sam 17:1-58

18      Promised Merab, Saul's oldest daughter      1 Sam 18:17-19

19      Married Michal, Saul's youngest daughter.    1 Sam 18:20-27

23      Flees Saul          1 Sam 19
      Intercession of Jonathan       1 Sam  20
      Flees to Nob, borrows sword from the priests       1 Sam 21:1-9
      Goes to Achish, King of Gath, feigns madness      1 Sam 21:10-15
      Goes to Adullam, gathers family, 400 men       1 Sam 22:1-2
      Takes parents to Moab for protection, comes back       1 Sam 22:3-4
      David moves to forest of Hereth       1 Sam 22:5

24     Saul declares David is his enemy and a fugitive      1 Sam 22:6-8
      Saul slaughters the priests at Nob      1 Sam 22:9-19
      Abiathar the priest flees to David      1 Sam 22:20-23
      David attacks Philistines at Keilah (harvest time May to June)      1 Sam 23:1-13
      Moves to Desert of Ziph and Moan  (rainy season - winter)     1 Sam 23:14-15
      Jonathan visits Saul pursues      1 Sam 23:16-25

25     Saul breaks of pursuit to fight the Philistines  (new spring)        1 Sam 23:26-28
      David moves to the Dead Sea springs of En Gedi  (dry season)      1 Sam 23:29
      After Philistines, Saul pursues David, who cuts corner of robe         1 Sam 24:1-21
      Saul leaves David, David back to Desert of Ziph (fall)      
1 Sam 24:22
      Saul marries Michal to another man       1 Sam 25:44

26        David in desert of Moan - shearing time (spring), Nabal       1 Sam 25:1-39
         Marries Abigail, Nabal's widow       1 Sam 25:40-42
         This was after marrying Ahinoam of Jezreel      1 Sam 25:43

27        Saul pursues David to Desert of Ziph,  again David is next to Saul and forgoes killing him.
        Saul goes home.       
1 Sam 26:1-25
        David makes alliance with Achish - Moves to Gath      1 Sam 27:1-4

28        David given Ziklag by Achish operates from there      1 Sam 27:5-12

29        David gathers with Philistine army about to attack Saul     1 Sam 28:1-2
         Sent home to Ziklag        1 Sam 29
         Finds Ziklag looted by Amalekites         1 Sam 30:1-6
         Pursuit and destruction of raiding party        1 Sam 30:7-27
         Learns of death of Saul        2 Sam 1:1-27

30        King of tribe of Judah, capital Hebron      2 Sam 5:4,  2 Sam 2:11

In next 7 ½ Years Marries:         2 Sam 3:2-5
  Maacah daughter of King of Geshur        
  Marries Haggith         
  Marries Abital        
  Marries Eglah         

In next 7 ½ Years Sons born:        
  Amnon the son of Ahinoam of Jezreel        
  Kileab the son of Abigail        
  Absalom the son of Maacah        
  Adonijah the son of Haggith        
  Shephatiah the son of Abital        
  Ithream the son of Eglah.   

31        Divided nation        

32        Abner and Joab fight at the pool of Gibeon.       
 2 Sam 2:10-32

33-35  Continued discord with northern tribes         

36      Abner and Ish-Bosheth have a falling out        
2 Sam 3:7-11
      Abner and Ish-Bosheth begin negations        2 Sam 3:12
      Michal compelled to return        2 Sam 3:13-16

37      Ish-Bosheth assassinated       2 Sam 4:1-12
      David made King of United Israel         2 Sam 5:1-5, 1 Chr 11:1-3

38      Jerusalem taken -made capital          2 Sam 5:6-9,  1 Chr 11:4-8
      David takes more wives and concubines - has 9 more sons        2 Sam 5:13-16

39      Jerusalem defended from Philistines at the Valley of Rephaim         2 Sam 5:17-25, 1 Chr 14:8-16
      David brings Ark up to Jerusalem        2 Sam 6:1-23, 1 Chr. 13,  15
      Michal speaks harshly to David and is put away forever       2 Sam 6:16,20-23,  1 Chr 15:29

40      David in his palace, the LORD gives the Davidic Covenant       2 Sam 7,  1 Chr 17

41-47   David subjugates nations on his borders: the Philistines, the Moabites, the Edomites.  He rules those
        territories. Attacks the Amalekites south of the Negev.      
2 Sam 8:1-22, 1 Chr. 18:1-2
        Writing of Psalm 72 and Song of Songs      2 Sam 8:12-15

48      David attacks and defeats King of Zobah well beyond his borders.
        He subjugates Arameans of Damascus.       
2 Sam 8:3-8, 1 Chr 18:3-10

49      Joab & Abishai attack and defeat Ammon and their ally - King of Zobah   They don't take Rabbah
                                                                                       
2 Sam 10:1-14, 1 Chr 19:1-15

50      King of Zobah gathers new army,   David attacks at Helam across the Jordan (in southern Syria)
      and defeats him.       
2 Sam 10:15-19, 1 Chr 19:16-19

51      2nd campaign against Ammonites - David stays home   2 Sam 11:1,  2 Chr 21:1a
      David and Bathsheba incident                                     2 Sam 11:2-26

52     Bathsheba's first son is born         2 Sam 11:27
      Nathan's rebuke, David's repentance, the LORD's judgment       2 Sam 12:1-14
      The death of the Bathsheba's child.       2 Sam 12:15-23

53      Birth of Solomon         2 Sam 12:24-25
      Joab extends the seige of Rabbah, David finishes it, subjugates Ammonites.  
                                                 
 2 Sam 12:26-31,  2 Chr 21:1b-3

54      Amnon rapes his sister Tamar         2 Sam 13:1-22
      Another war with the Philistines         2 Sam 21:15-22, 1 Chr 20:4-8,

56      Absalom takes revenge, kills Amnon, flees to Geshur       2 Sam 13:23-37

57-58   Absalom in Geshur         2 Sam 13:38-39

59      Absalom returns from Geshur by Joab's intercession        2 Sam 14:1-24

60      Lives in Jerusalem - does not see David's face.        2 Sam 14:25-28

61      Absalom gets Joab's intercession with David, reconciliation        2 Sam 14:29-33
      About this time, David reveals Solomon will be his heir.       2 Sam 21:1
      Famine in the land        

62-63   Absalom gathers allies against David and for his succession        2 Sam 15:1-6
      Famine in the land        2 Samuel 21:1

64      Absalom gathers allies against David and for his succession        2 Sam 15:1-6
      David executes 7 sons and grandsons of Saul for Gibeonites       2 Sam 21:2-14

65      Absalom gathers allies against David and for his succession        2 Sam 15:1-6
      Absalom declares himself King        2 Sam 15:7-37
      David flees Jerusalem         2 Sam 16-17
      David's forces under Joab defeat Absalom, Absalom killed        2 Sam 18

67      David takes the census,  plague falls on Israel        2 Sam 24, 1 Chr 21

68      David assembles materials for Temple on Mt. Moriah.       1 Chr 22:1-6
      David confirms Solomon as his successor        1 Chr 23:1
      David give Solomon plans for the Temple      1 Chr 28:11-21

69      Adonijah declares himself King        1 Kgs 1:5-10
      Solomon becomes co-regent       1 Kgs 1:11-53,  1 Chr. 28:1-10,  1 Chr. 29

70      David's death - 40 yr. reign, (1st 7 years in Hebron.)    Circa 971 BC      1 Kgs 2:11

The sequence of all the events is set by the Biblical text.

Some dates of events are only reasonable estimates but are not likely more than two or three years off.                 
Probable Occasion When Each Psalm Was Composed

Psalm Scripture         Probable Occasion           B.C.
1         Neh 13:3          Written by David or Ezra, and placed as a preface to the Psalms         444
2         1Ch 17:27         On the delivery of the promise by Nathan to David-a prophecy of Christ's kingdom    1044
3         2Sa 15:29         On David's flight from Absalom         1023
4         2Sa 17:29         During the the flight from Absalom         1023
5         2Sa 17:29         During the the flight from Absalom         1023
6         1Ch 28:21         Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
7         2Sa 16:14         On the reproaches of Shimei         1023
8         1Ch 28:21         Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
9         1Sa 17:4, 1Ch 16:43         On the victory over Goliath         1063
10       Dan 7:28           During the Babylon captivity         539
11       1Sa 19:3            When David was advised to flee to the mountains         1062
12       1Ch 28:1            Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
13-15   Dan 7:28           During the Babylon captivity         539
16       1Ch 17:27, 1Sa 27         On the delivery of the promise by Nathan to David         1044
17       1Sa 22:19          On the murder of the priests by Doeg         1060
18       2Sa 22:51          On the conclusion of David's wars         1019
19       1Ch 28:21          Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
20-21  2Sa 10:19          On the war with the Ammonites and Syrians         1036
22       1Ch 17:27          On the delivery of the promise by Nathan; or in sever persecution         1044
23-29  1Ch 28:21, 1Ch 16:43         Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
30       1Ch 21:30          On the dedication of the threshing-floor of Araunah         1017
31       1Sa 23:12          On David's persecution by Saul         1060
32, 33  2Sa 12:15          On the pardon of David's adultery         1034
34       1Sa 21:15          On David's leaving the city of Gath         1060
35       1Sa 22:19          On David's persecution by Doeg         1060
36, 37  Dan 7:28           During the Babylonish captivity         539
38-41  1Ch 28:21          Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
42       2Sa 17:29          On David's flight from Absalom         1023
43       2Sa 17:29          On David's flight from Absalom         1023
44       2Ki 19:7            On the blasphemous message of Rabshekeh         710
45       1Ch 17:27         On the delivery of the promise by Nathan         1044
46       2Ch 20:26         On the victory of Jehoshaphat         890
47       2Ch 7:10           On the removal of the ark into the temple         1004
48       Ezr 6:22            On the dedication of the second temple         515
49-50  Dan 7:28           During the Babylonish captivity         539
51       2Sa 12:15          Confession of David after his adultery         1034
52         1Sa 22:19        On David's persecution by Doeg         1060
53         Dan 7:28         During the Babylonish captivity         539
54         1Sa 23:23        On the treachery of the Ziphims to David         1060
55         2Sa 17:29        During the flight from Absalom         1023
56         1Sa 21:15        When David was with the Philistines in Gath         1060
57         1Sa 24:22        On David's refusal to kill Saul in the cave         1058
58         1Sa 24:22        Continuation of Ps. 57         1058
59         1Sa 19:17        On Saul surrounding the town of David         1061
60         1Ki 11:20         On the conquest of Edom by Joab         1040
61         1Ch 28:21        Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
62         2Sa 17:29        In David's persecution by Absalom         1023
63         1Sa 24:22        Prayer of David in the wilderness of Engedi         1058
64         1Sa 22:19        On David's persecution by Saul         1060
65         1Ch 28:21        Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
66         Ezr 3:13          On laying the foundation of the second temple         535
67         Dan 7:28         During the Babylonish captivity         593
68         2Sa 6:11         On the first removal of the ark         1045
69         1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
70-71    2Sa 17:29        On Absalom's rebellion         1023
72         1Ch 29:19        On Solomon being made king by his father         1015
73         2Ki 19:19         On the destruction of Sennacherib         710
74         Jer 39:10         On the destruction of the city and temple         588
75-76    2Ki 19:35         On the destruction of Sennacherib         710
77         Dan 7:28          During the Babylonish captivity         593
78         1Ch 28:21, or 2Ch 19:56         Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
79         Jer 39:10         On the destruction of the city and temple         588
80         Dan 7:28          During the Babylonish captivity         539
81         Ezr 6:22           On the dedication of the second temple         515
82         2Ch 19:7          On the appointment of judges by Jehoshaphat         897
83         Jer 39:10, or 2Ch 20         On the desolation caused by the Assyrians         588
84         Ezr 3:13          On the foundation of the second temple         535
85         Ezr 1:4            On the decree of Cyrus         536
86         1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
87         Ezr 3:7            On the return from the Babylonish captivity         536
88         Exd 2:25         During the affliction in Egypt         1531
89         Dan 7:28         During the Babylonish captivity         539
90         Num 14:45      On the shortening of man's life, etc.         489
91         1Ch 28:10       After the advice of David to Solomon         1015
92-93    Dan 7:28         During the Babylonish captivity         539
94         Jer 39:10        On the destruction of the city and temple         588
95         1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
96         1Ch 16:43       On the removal of the ark from Obed-edom's house         1051
97-100  2Ch 7:10         On the removal of the ark into the temple         1004
101       1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
102       Dan 9:27         On the near termination of the captivity         538
103       2Sa 12:15        On the pardon of David's adultery         1034
104       1Ch 28:21        Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
105-106 1Ch 16:43       On the removal of the ark from Obed-edom's house         1051
107        Ezr 3:7            On the return from the captivity         536
108        1Ki 11:20        On the conquest of Edom by Joab         1040
109        1Sa 22:19        On David's persecution by Doeg         1060
110        1Ch 17:27        On the promise by Nathan to David         1044
111-114  Ezr 3:7           On the return from the captivity         536
115         2Ch 20:26      On the victory of Jehoshaphat         896
116-117  Ezr 3:7           On the return from the captivity         536
118         1Ch 17:27      On the promise by Nathan to David         1044
119         Neh 13:3        Manual of devotion by Ezra         444
120-122   1Ch 28:21      Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
123         Dan 7:28        During the Babylonish captivity         539
124         1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
125         Ezr 3:7           On the return from the captivity         536
126         Ezr 1:4           On the decree of Cyrus         536
127-128  Ezr 3:7           On the return from the captivity         536
129         Ezr 4:24         On the opposition of the Samaritans         535
130         Dan 7:28        During the Babylonish captivity         539
131         1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
132         1Ch 15:14       On the second removal of the ark         1051
133         1Ch 28:21       Inserted toward the end of David's life         1015
134         Ezr 3:7           On the return from the captivity         536
135-136  2Ch 7:10         On the removal of the ark into the temple         1004
137         Dan 7:28         During the Babylonish captivity         539
138         Ezr 6:13          On the rebuilding of the temple         519
139         1Ch 13:4         Prayer of David when made king over all Israel         1048
140         1Sa 22:19        On David's persecution by Doeg         1060
141         1Sa 27:1          Prayer of David when driven from Judea         1055
142         1Sa 22:1          Prayer of David in the cave of Adullam         1060
143         2Sa 17:29        During the war with Absalom         1053
144         2Sa 17:29        On the victory over Absalom         1053
145         1Ch 28:10        David, when old, reviewing his past life         1015
146-150  Ezr 6:22           On the dedication of the second temple         515